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Scholarly articles on online dating

The Virtues and Downsides of Online Dating,What to read next:

AdFind Your Special Someone Online. Choose the Right Dating Site & Start Now!Whether its instant messaging, video chat, dating games, offline events, or online  · Dating & intimacy in the 21st century: The use of online dating sites in Australia. International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 6, 14 – Google Scholar The most common process for online dating is searching for a desirable potential partner, then starting to communicate via messaging, getting to know each other and set up for a meeting in  · The two studies reported in this article focused on whether and how language errors in dating profiles affect the impressions online dating site users form of profile owners. Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. Missing: online dating ... read more

Reis University of Rochester , and Susan Sprecher Illinois State University take a comprehensive look at the access, communication, and matching services provided by online dating sites. Although the authors find that online dating sites offer a distinctly different experience than conventional dating, the superiority of these sites is not as evident. Dating sites provide access to more potential partners than do traditional dating methods, but the act of browsing and comparing large numbers of profiles can lead individuals to commoditize potential partners and can reduce their willingness to commit to any one person.

Communicating online can foster intimacy and affection between strangers, but it can also lead to unrealistic expectations and disappointment when potential partners meet in real life. As online dating matures, however, it is likely that more and more people will avail themselves of these services, and if development — and use — of these sites is guided by rigorous psychological science, they may become a more promising way for people to meet their perfect partners.

Hear author Eli J. Finkel discuss the science behind online dating at the 24th APS Annual Convention. About the Authors. I agree wholeheartedly that so-called scientific dating sites are totally off-base. They make worse matches than just using a random site. They also have a very small pool of educated, older men, and lots more women. Therefore they often come up with no matches at all, despite the fact that women with many different personality types in that age group have joined.

They are an expensive rip-off for many women over My mother and father had very few hobbies and interests in common, but because they shared the same core values, their love endured a lifetime.

I met a few potential love interests online and I never paid for any matching service! I did my own research on people and chatted online within a site to see if we had things in common. If that went well, we would have another date. I am currently with a man I met online and we have been together for two years! We have plans to marry in the future. I myself would probably start looking right away since looking for love online is a lengthy process!

I knew this man 40 years ago as we worked in the same agency for two years but never dated. Last November I saw his profile on a dating site. My husband had died four years ago and his wife died 11 years ago.

We dated for five months. I questioned him about his continued online search as I had access to his username. I think he has been on these dating sites for over 5 years. Needless to say I will not tolerate this and it was over. No-one seems very interested in making an actual purchase or commitment. I notice that all the previous comments are from women only. I agree with the article that says essentially, there are too many profiles and photos. And on it goes. The term Chemistry gets thrown around a lot.

Stumbling upon this article during research for my Master thesis and I am curious: Would you use an app, that introduces a new way of dating, solely based on your voice and who you are, rather than how you look like? makes you laugh. And we are definitely more than our looks. I found my partner online and we had no picture of each other for three months — but we talked every night for hours…. fell in love and still are after 10 years… We met on a different level and got aligned long before we met.

There are substantial gender differences in the amount of attention online daters say they received on dating sites or apps. The survey also asked online daters about their experiences with getting messages from people they were interested in.

And while gender differences remain, they are far less pronounced. Online daters widely believe that dishonesty is a pervasive issue on these platforms. By contrast, online daters are less likely to think harassment or bullying, and privacy violations, such as data breaches or identify theft, are very common occurrences on these platforms.

Some experts contend that the open nature of online dating — that is, the fact that many users are strangers to one another — has created a less civil dating environment and therefore makes it difficult to hold people accountable for their behavior. This survey finds that a notable share of online daters have been subjected to some form of harassment measured in this survey.

Fewer online daters say someone via a dating site or app has threatened to physically harm them. Younger women are particularly likely to encounter each of these behaviors. The likelihood of encountering these kinds of behaviors on dating platforms also varies by sexual orientation.

LGB users are also more likely than straight users to say someone on a dating site or app continued to contact them after they told them they were not interested, called them an offensive name or threatened to physically harm them. The creators of online dating sites and apps have at times struggled with the perception that these sites could facilitate troubling — or even dangerous — encounters.

And although there is some evidence that much of the stigma surrounding these sites has diminished over time, close to half of Americans still find the prospect of meeting someone through a dating site unsafe. Americans who have never used a dating site or app are particularly skeptical about the safety of online dating. There are some groups who are particularly wary of the idea of meeting someone through dating platforms.

Age and education are also linked to differing attitudes about the topic. Americans — regardless of whether they have personally used online dating services or not — also weighed in on the virtues and pitfalls of online dating.

These users also believe dating sites and apps generally make the process of dating easier. On the other hand, people who said online dating has had a mostly negative effect most commonly cite dishonesty and the idea that users misrepresent themselves. Pluralities also believe that whether a couple met online or in person has little effect on the success of their relationship. Public attitudes about the impact or success of online dating differ between those who have used dating platforms and those who have not.

People who have ever used a dating site or app also have a more positive assessment of relationships forged online. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.

It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. The second core innovation is the spectacular rise of the smart phone in the s. Also, the online dating systems have much larger pools of potential partners compared to the number of people your mother knows, or the number of people your best friend knows.

Dating websites have enormous advantages of scale. Even if most of the people in the pool are not to your taste, a larger choice set makes it more likely you can find someone who suits you.

When it comes to single people looking for romantic partners, the online dating technology is only a good thing, in my view. In addition, in our study we found that the success of a relationship did not depend on whether the people met online or not. I think that internet dating is a modest positive addition to our world. People who have in the past had trouble finding a potential partner benefit the most from the broader choice set provided by the dating apps. Internet dating has the potential to serve people who were ill-served by family, friends and work.

So the rate of gay couples meeting online is much higher than for heterosexual couples. Why did you decide to research online dating? The landscape of dating is just one aspect of our lives that is being affected by technology. And I always had a natural interest in how new technology was overturning the way we build our relationships.

Despite the constant growth in the use of online dating sites and mobile dating applications, research examining potential problematic use of online dating has remained scarce. Findings suggest that personality correlates such as neuroticism, sociability, sensation-seeking, and sexual permissiveness are related to greater use of online dating services. Sex-search and self-esteem enhancement are predictors of problematic use of online dating. Previous research coincides with online dating risks e.

fear of deception and objectification tendency due to online dating services sites and apps design.

Observations regarding methodological weaknesses and future research implications are included. Back in , Match. com was launched for public use as a popular global online dating service. In , location-based smartphone dating applications first appeared, which allowed users to access online dating anytime and anywhere, making them ubiquitous. Regarding the ubiquity of online dating, Jung et al. Greater use of online dating may not necessarily imply the existence of problematic use.

However, previous literature in the field of internet disorders has found that extended use higher frequency of use is related to higher scores on smartphone addiction Haug et al. Yet, extended use is not sufficient to describe problematic use of online dating. Its aetiology and maintenance may be a reflection of diverse factors of different nature i.

biological, psychological, and social. Hence, an interdisciplinary explanation i. biopsychosocial framework is needed. users seeking sex encounters are able to find other users at walking distance. In fact, based on the interaction of person-affect-cognition-execution I-PACE model Brand et al. sadness, frustration and anger and dysfunctional affective and cognitive responses in relation to dating apps e. In the scope of internet disorders, and more specifically addiction to social networking sites SNSs , previous research has reported that availability increases the number of people engaged in the activity, which can lead to excessive use Kuss and Griffiths In terms of mental health problems, previous literature has noted a positive correlation between depressive symptoms and time spent on SNSs Pantic , the use of smartphones for different purposes, including SNSs and other media services e.

videos and chatrooms before going to sleep has been found to correlate with depressive symptoms and sleep disturbances in adolescent populations Lemola et al.

Considering the similarities of SNSs and online dating sites and applications and similar findings in online dating research e. low self-esteem related to higher use of online dating, higher availability of online dating sites leading to longer use , it appears plausible to consider previous research investigating SNSs as a guide for online dating research. In that sense, Pantic concluded that SNS use has created changes in how individuals relate to each other in the present time making social interactions more shallow and decreasing communication with family members Pantic At the same time, online dating may potentially change the dating scene because of the growth in popularity and ubiquity of the service due to smartphone applications.

Previous literature highlighted that time needed to form long-lasting relationships romantic and platonic is mismatched with the time users spent on online dating for that same purpose establishing a long-term relationship , thus favouring casual encounters over other types of dates Yeo and Fung that may potentially lead to longer-lasting relationships and stronger bonding.

Social changes in relation to dating may not necessarily lead to detrimental effects. However, research is needed to assess what types of changes are produced by the inclusion of online dating in our day-to-day life and how these changes affect individuals in a multidisciplinary perspective. Contrary to other internet disorders, problematic online dating research is still in its initial stage, and as of today, online dating has not been particularly studied in terms of its problematic use.

Considering the extended use that online dating services have in the present, and the concerns at the individual level i. mental health problems and societal level i. dating scene changes , it seems appropriate to review previous literature in this field attending to the need of formulating new knowledge in relation to online dating use and problematic use.

Consequently, the aim of the present paper is to review the empirical evidence examining the use and problematic use of online dating. Considering that previous literature concerning problematic use of online dating is scarce, the structure of this present review has been designed to assess and discuss relevant factors related to online dating use that may serve as the basis for further study of problematic use of online dating.

An extensive literature search in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement PRISMA Moher et al. The search yielded a total of studies in Web of Science and studies in PsycINFO. A total of studies were identified which produced a final selection of 43 studies after inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied see Fig.

Studies were excluded if they i primarily concerned cyberbullying and its derivatives, ii primarily concerned scams, and iii did not assess online dating as the main variable under investigation. This yielded 43 studies see Table 1 , only two of which specifically covered potential addiction to online dating. This section has been divided into six subsections which cover: i usage and motivation, ii personality correlates, iii negative correlates, iv impulsive behaviour, v substance use and behavioural addictions, and vi problematic use of online dating.

A total of eleven studies were found that examined the characteristics of use or motivations of online dating use. Out of the eleven studies, there were ten quantitative studies, all of which were cross-sectional Corriero and Tong ; Gunter ; Hance et al. One study examined heterosexual respondents only Hwang , and another study focused on male homosexual populations only Corriero and Tong , and the remaining studies did not differentiate between sexual orientations.

They were asked to complete an online survey that contained a subscale on active intentions from the Dating Anxiety Survey Calvert et al. However, there was no difference regarding income or education. Furthermore, in relation to age, it appeared that adults aged between 30 and 50 years were the most active users.

Asians and Latinos and within the same group i. whites with whites. In order to do this, demographic measures i. age, gender, marital status, educational level and zip code of residence were taken; also willingness to date inter- and intra-racially was registered; however, the authors did not specify how they measured that variable willingness to date inter- and intra-racially. Generally, dating online intra-racially was favoured over inter-racial dating.

However, men were found to be higher in willingness to date inter-racially in comparison to women. Nonetheless, considering the specificity of the sample, these results cannot be extrapolated to the general population.

Further studies should consider including variability in terms of sexual orientations and cultural background to see if these findings can be replicated. positive distortions towards finding the perfect match.

Taken together, the previous four studies indicate that young adult men are the most active online dating users tending to date intra-racially. However, three of these studies i. Gunter ; Houran and Lange ; Valkenburg and Peter were carried out before the launch of smartphone dating apps, the appearance of which could have resulted in different findings.

Regarding psychological characteristics of users, Kim et al. Furthermore, they found that users high in social skills i. sociability , together with high self-esteem, and high relationship involvement were more likely to use online dating services in comparison to those with high sociability and high relationship involvement but with low self-esteem. On the contrary, individuals with low self-esteem and low relationship involvement together with high sociability were found to be more active users compared to less sociable participants, and those whose self-esteem was high but who scored low on relationship involvement, or vice versa.

To clarify, the effect was only found in the interaction between self-esteem and relationship involvement among those high in sociability. Seemingly, being sociable appears as an important predictor of higher online dating use. In contrast to these results, a small survey by Stinson and Jeske of participants found that peer pressure influenced the decision to use online dating services instead of personality factors e.

sociability, introversion. The authors claimed that it may be due to the spreading popularity of online dating that personality features were not as predictive in regard to usage tendency.

In a study of respondents, Menkin et al. Conversely, if users were concerned about their own personal information, health and privacy, then their desire for uncertainty decreased. Therefore, it may be argued that those young users who are looking for casual sex encounters put themselves at higher risk than those who are not looking for sex. This hypothesis is discussed in a later section. In more general terms, online daters search for companionship, comfort after a life crisis, control over the presentation of oneself to others, to refrain from commitment and societal boundaries, new experiences, and romantic fantasies Lawson and Leck In relation to control over self-presentation, it has been claimed that individuals with high rejection—sensitivity tend to feel more comfortable to express themselves in the online medium, and those who feel more comfortable expressing themselves online are found to score higher on online dating use Hance et al.

One of the reasons for high rejection—sensitive individuals to engage more in the online dating arena may be related to feeling less constrained to show themselves i.

Nonetheless, it appears that common features in online dating like the absence of time limits i. asynchronous communication and selective self-presentation facilitate deceptive representations of oneself Hall et al. In a study of secondary survey data from US participants, Paul found that couples who met online had higher split up rates in comparison to partners who met offline.

Arguably, typical features of online dating services and apps such as asynchronous communication and selective self-presentation may negatively affect the quality of a long-term relationship between two online daters. Consequently, further studies are needed in the form of longitudinal designs that would help establish the causes that affect the quality of relationships initiated via online dating services. Overall, the results of this subsection show that the use of online dating platforms is widespread and has grown rapidly in the past few years.

In terms of use, younger adult men appear to be the most prevalent users of online dating services. In terms of motivations to use online dating, men favour sex appeal more compared to women. Regarding psychological characteristics, it appears that high sociability and high rejection—sensitivity are associated with higher use of online dating services. The studies reviewed suggest that there are some features in online dating services i. sites and apps that could enhance the chances of deception and decrease the quality of long-term relationships.

Nonetheless, there are some methodological weaknesses e. the use of non-validated psychometric instruments, and non-representative samples that should be amended in future research so that the internal and external validity of these findings are increased. As to the design, the research should consider longitudinal approaches to help establish the direction of causality i.

is relationship quality affected by online dating or are there underlying factors that directly affect relationship quality.

Considering the association that exists between specific personality correlates and patterns of use, a total of seven studies Blackhart et al. All the studies assessed used quantitative and cross-sectional methods.

Blackhart et al. This association was also reported in a study of US heterosexual participants Findings suggested that those high in sensation-seeking used online dating apps to look for casual partners and romantic dates Chan The authors also found associations between trust towards people, sensation-seeking, and higher use of smartphones with increased dating app use, and a direct relationship between smartphone use and dating app use.

Arguably, there may be an association between excessive smartphone use and dating app use. They reported a positive correlation between sexual permissiveness and dating app use for casual sex dates.

Online Dating: A Critical Analysis From the Perspective of Psychological Science,Search form

The most common process for online dating is searching for a desirable potential partner, then starting to communicate via messaging, getting to know each other and set up for a meeting in  · The two studies reported in this article focused on whether and how language errors in dating profiles affect the impressions online dating site users form of profile owners. Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. Missing: online dating AdFind Your Special Someone Online. Choose the Right Dating Site & Start Now!Whether its instant messaging, video chat, dating games, offline events, or online  · Dating & intimacy in the 21st century: The use of online dating sites in Australia. International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 6, 14 – Google Scholar ... read more

Finding casual sexual partners in online dating services is facilitated by some apps that show how far users are from each other i. Lemola, S. Paul, A. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The two studies solely focused on one specific dating app i. Insecure attachment, dysfunctional attitudes, and low self-esteem predicting prospective symptoms of depression and anxiety during adolescence.

I did my own research on people and chatted online within a site to see if we had things in common. Jung, J, scholarly articles on online dating. behavioural beliefs about the use of condomssubjective norms i. First, there are some studies that do not specify whether their findings are based on online dating sites, mobile applications, or both. February 11, June 15, Previous literature highlighted that time needed to form long-lasting relationships romantic and platonic is mismatched with the time users spent on online dating for that same purpose establishing a long-term relationshipthus favouring casual encounters over other types of dates Yeo and Fung that may potentially lead to longer-lasting relationships and stronger bonding. YSC cookie is set by Youtube and is used to track the views of embedded scholarly articles on online dating on Youtube pages.

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